WSU CAHNRS

College of Agricultural, Human, and Natural Resource Sciences

Department of Plant Pathology

Timothy D. Murray

Professor, Extension Plant Pathologist

Research Specialty and Interests

Diseases of small cereal grain crops, especially wheat. Ecology, epidemiology, and control of soilborne plant pathogens, including cultural, chemical, and disease resistance. Genetics of disease resistance and the use of alien species as sources of disease resistance genes. Mapping and tagging disease resistance genes with molecular markers.

Professional Experience

  • Professor and Extension Plant Pathologist, July 2013-present
  • Chair, Dept. of Plant Pathology, November 2000-December 2008
  • Assistant, Associate, Professor and Plant Pathologist, WSU 1983-present

International Research Activities

  • Technical advisor – Bioversity International, Global Conservation and Use of Crop Genetic Diversity to Control Pests and Diseases in Support of Sustainable Agriculture, 2011-present.
  • Collaborator – Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Development of Perennial Wheat and Transfer of Resistance to Wheat streak mosaic virus from Wheat-Thinopyrum intermedium Partial Amphiploids into Adapted Wheat Cultivars, 2007-present.
  • Collaborator – National Agricultural Research Center for Hokkaido, Memuro, Japan – Investigation of Snow Mold Resistance Genes in Wild Relatives of Wheat and Evaluation of their Breeding Potential, 2001-present.
  • Global Steering Committee – Bioversity International, Global Conservation and Use of Crop Genetic Diversity to Control Pests and Diseases in Support of Sustainable Agriculture, 2007-2011.

Awards/Honors/Memberships

  • American Phytopathological Society
  • British Society for Plant Pathology
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Fellow, American Phytopathological Society, 2010
  • Washington State Crop Improvement Association O. A. Vogel Award, 1993
  • Sigma Xi, Washington State University, 1986
  • Phi Kappa Phi, UC Davis, 1978

Selected Publications

Research articles

Esvelt Klos, K., H. Wetzel III, and T.D. Murray.  2013.  Resistance to Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis is conferred by Pch2 in wheat.  Plant Pathology [IN PRESS 10 JUNE 2013].

Carter, A.A., S.S. Jones, S.R. Lyon, K.A. Balow, G.B. Shelton, R.W. Higginbotham, X.M. Chen, D.A. Engle, B. Baik, S.O. Guy, T.D. Murray, and C.F. Morris. 2013. Registration of ‘Otto’ Wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations 7:195-200, doi: 10.3198/jpr2012.07.0013crc .

Robinson, M.D. and T.D. Murray. 2013. Genetic variation of Wheat streak mosaic virus in the United States Pacific Northwest.  Phytopathology 103:98-104, doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-05-12-0108-R.

Campbell, K.G., R.E. Allan, J. Anderson, L.M. Little, J. Pritchett, N. Blake, A. Burke, C. Hoagland, C. Walker, X. Chen, C. Morris, S. Guy, T. Murray, D. See, D. Engle, H. Wetzel, D. Wood. 2012. Registration of “Cara” Soft White Winter Club Wheat. Journal of Plant Registration 7:81-88,  doi: 10.3198/jpr2012.01.0005crc.

Sheng, H. and T.D. Murray. 2012.  Identifying new sources of resistance to eyespot of wheat in Aegilops longissima. Plant Disease 97:346-353, doi: 10.1094/PDIS-12-11-1048-RE.

Sheng, H., D.R. See, and T.D. Murray. 2012.  Mapping QTL for resistance to eyespot of wheat in Aegilops longissima. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 125:355-366, doi: 10.1007/s00122-012-1838-2.

Li, H., L. Cui, H. Li, X. Wang, T.D. Murray, R.L. Conner, L. Wang, X. Gao, Y. Sun, S. Sun, and W. Tang. 2012. Effective resources of wheat and wheat-Thinopyrum derivatives for resistance to Heterodera filipjevi in China. Crop Science 52:1209-1217, doi: 10.2135/cropsci2011.11.0591.

Esvelt Klos, K.L.E., L.M. Vásquez-Siller, H.C. Wetzel III, and T.D. Murray. 2012. PCR-based detection of Cephalosporium gramineum in winter wheat. Plant Disease 96:437-442, doi: 10.1094/PDIS-07-11-0568.

Arterburn M., A. Kleinhofs, T. Murray and S. Jones. 2010. Polymorphic nuclear gene sequences indicate a novel genome donor in the polyploid genus Thinopyrum. Hereditas 148:8-27.

Nishio, Z., A. Hayata, T. Tabiki, N. Iriki, M. Ito and T.D. Murray. 2010. Mapping a gene conferring resistance to Wheat yellow mosaic virus in European winter wheat cultivar ‘Ibis’ (Triticum aestivum L.).  Euphytica 176:223–229 ( DOI 10.1007/s10681-010-0229-5).

Jones, S.S., S.R. Lyon, K.A. Balow, M.A. Gollnick, K.M. Murphy, J. Kuehner, X.M. Chen, T.D. Murray, D.A. Engle, and K.G. Campbell. 2010. Registration of ‘Xerpha’ wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations 4:137-140 (doi: 10.3198/jpr2006.05.0281crc). Jones_JPltRegis_10_Xerpha

Murray, T.D., H. Pappu, R.W. Smiley. 2009. First report of Soilborne wheat mosaic virus in Washington State. Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2009-1204-01-BR. Murray_PHP_09_SBWMV

MacDonald, J., C. Allen, D. Gadoury, W. Jacobi, S. Kelemu, J. Moyer, T. Murray, K. Ong, C. Pearson, J. Sherwood, and A. Vidaver. 2009. Education in plant pathology: Present status and future challenges. Plant Disease 93:1238-1251. MacDonald_PltDis_09_PlP Education

Smith, K. M. Draper, K. Simmons, R. Bennett, P. Hebbar, M. Royer, T. Murray. 2009. Management strategies for new wheat stem rust strains in the U.S. Outlooks on Pest Management 20:148-52. Smith_OutlooksPestMgt_09_Ug99 Preparations

Nishio, Z., N. Iriki, K. Takata, M. Ito, T. Tabiki, and T.D. Murray. 2008. Influence of cold-hardening and soil matric potential on resistance to speckled snow mold in wheat. Plant Disease 92:1021-1025. Nishio_PD_08_SMTesting

Jones, S.S., S.R. Lyon, K.A. Balow, M.A. Gollnick, T.D. Murray, X.M. Chen, C.R. Morris, K. Garland Campbell, J.W. Burns, W.F. Schillinger, P.E. Reisenauer and B.J. Goates. 2007. Registration of ‘Bauermeister’ wheat. Crop Sci. 47:430-431. Jones_CropSci_07_Bauermeister

Murray, T.D. 2006. Seed infection and transmission of Cephalosporium gramineum in commercial winter wheat varieties. Plant Disease 90:803-806. Murray_PD_2006_CephSeedTrans

Jones, S.S., S.R. Lyon, K.A. Balow, T.D. Murray, X.M. Chen, B.P. Carter, C.R. Morris, K.Garland Campbell, J.W. Burns, W.F. Schillinger, P.E. Reisenauer, and B.J. Goates. 2006. Registration of ‘Masami’ wheat. Crop Science 46:476-477. Jones_CropSci_06_Masami

Li, H. J., M. Arterburn, S.S. Jones, and T.D. Murray. 2005. Resistance to eyespot of wheat, caused by Tapesia yallundae, derived from Thinopyrum intermedium homoeologous group 4 chromosomes. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 111:932-940 (DOI: 10.1007/s00122-005-0025-0). Li_TAG_05_Tintermedium_eyespot

Li, H. J., M. Arterburn, S. S. Jones, and T. D. Murray. 2004. A new source of resistance to Tapesia yallundae associated with a homoeologous group 4 chromosome in Thinopyrum ponticum. Phytopathology 94:932-937. Li_Wheatgrass_resistance_Phyto_2004

Lammer, D., X. Cai, M. Arterburn, J. Chatelain, T. Murray, and S. Jones. 2004. A single chromosome addition from perennial Thinopyrum elongatum confers a polycarpic, perennial habit to annual wheat. J. Exp. Botany 55:1715-1720. Lammer_Perennial_JExpBot_04

Douhan, G. D., T. D. Murray, and P. S. Dyer. 2003. Population genetic structure of Tapesia acuformis in Washington State. Phytopathology 93:650-656. Douhan_TyPop_MolEcol_03

Peever, T. L. and T. D. Murray. 2003. First report of tan spot of wheat in the U.S. Pacific Northwest caused by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis. Plant Disease 87:203 (published on-line as D-2002-1202-02N). Peever-Murray_Pyrenophora_PltDis_03

Douhan, G. W., T. L. Peever, and T. D. Murray. 2002. Multilocus population structure of Tapesia yallundae in Washington State. Molecular Ecology 11:2229-2239. Douhan_TyPop_MolEcol_03

Cox, C. M., S. S. Jones, and T. D. Murray. 2002. Identification of perennial wheat germplasm lines resistant to eyespot, Cephalosporium stripe, and wheat streak mosaic. Plant Disease 86:1043-1048. Cox_PerennialResist_PltDis_02

Douhan, G. W., T. D. Murray, and P.S. Dyer. 2002. Species and mating-type distribution of Tapesia yallundae and T. acuformis and occurrence of apothecia in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. Phytopathology 92:703-709. Douhan_Ty-TaDistrib_Phyto_02

Scheinost, P., D. Lammer, X. Cai, T. Murray, and S. Jones. 2001. Perennial Wheat: A sustainable cropping system for the Pacific Northwest. Am. J. Alternative Agriculture 16:146-150. Scheinost_Perennial_AmJAltAg_01

Dyer, P. S., P. A. Furneaux, G. Douhan, and T. D. Murray. 2001. A multiprimer PCR test for determination of mating-type applied to the plant pathogens Tapesia yallundae and Tapesia acuformis. Fungal Genetics and Biology 33:173-180. Dyer_PCR_FGB_01

Douhan, G. W. and T. D. Murray. 2001. Infection of winter wheat by a ß-glucuronidase-transformed isolate of Cephalosporium gramineum. Phytopathology 91:232-239. Douhan_PHYTO_01_CgramInfection

Cai, X, S. S. Jones, and T. D. Murray. 2001. Molecular cytogenetic characterization of Thinopyrum genomes conferring perennial growth habit in wheat-Thinopyrum amphiploids. Plant Breeding 120:21-26. Cai_PltBrd_01_Thinopyrum-Perennial

Jones, S. S., T. D. Murray, S. R. Lyon, and C. F. Morris. 2001. Registration of ‘Bruehl’ wheat. Crop Science 41:2006-2007. Jones_CropSci_01_Bruehl

Yildirim, A., S. S. Jones, T. D. Murray, and R. F. Line. 2000. Evaluation of Dasypyrum villosum populations for resistance to cereal eyespot and stripe rust pathogens. Plant Disease 84:40-44. Yildirim_PD_00_EyespotDvillosum

Cai, X., S. S. Jones, and T. D. Murray. 1998. Molecular cytogenetic characterization ofThinopyrum and wheat-Thinopyrum translocated chromosomes in a wheat-Thinopyrum amphiploid highly resistant to Cephalosporium stripe disease. Chromosome Research 6:183-189. Cai_ChromRes_98_Thinopyrum

Blank, C. A. and T. D. Murray. 1998. Influence of pH and matric potential on germination of Cephalosporium gramineum conidia. Plant Disease 82:975-982. Blank_PD_98_pH-MatricPotentialGerm

Yildirim, A., S. S. Jones, and T. D. Murray. 1998. Mapping a gene conferring resistance to Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides on chromosome 4V of Dasypyrum villosum in a wheat background. Genome 41:1-6. Yildirim_Genome_98_Dvillosum_eyespot

Figliuolo, G. S. S. Jones, T. D. Murray, and P. L. Spagnoletti Zeuli. 1997. Characterization of tetraploid wheat germplasm for resistance toPseudocercosporella herpotrichoides, cause of eyespot disease. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 45:47-56. Figliuolo_GenRes_98_Tetraploids_eyespot

Cadle, M. M., T. D. Murray, and S. S. Jones. 1997. Identification of resistance toPseudocercosporella herpotrichoides in Triticum monococcum. Plant Disease 81:1181-1186. Cadle_PD_Eyespot-Tmonococcum

de la Peña, R. C., T. D. Murray, and S. S. Jones. 1996. Linkage relations among eyespot resistance gene Pch2, endopeptidase Ep-A1b, and RFLP marker Xpsr121 on chromosome 7A of wheat. Plant Breeding 115:273-275. delaPena_PltBrd_96_Pch2LinkageRelations

Stiles, C. and T. D. Murray. 1996. Infection of field-grown winter wheat by Cephalosporium gramineum and the effect of soil pH. Phytopathology 86:177-183.

Murray, T. D., R. C. de la Peña, A. Yildirim, and S. S. Jones. 1994. A new source of resistance to Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides, cause of eyespot disease of wheat, located on chromosome 4V of Dasypyrum villosum. Plant Breeding 113:281-286. Murray_PltBrd_94_Dvillosum4V

de la Peña, R. C. and T. D. Murray. 1994. Identifying wheat genotypes resistant to eyespot disease with a ß-glucuronidase-transformed strain of Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides. Phytopathology 84:972-977. delaPena_Phyto_94_EyespotGUS

Reviews

Murray, T., Milus, G., DeWolf, E., Dill-Macky, R., Steffenson, B., Wegulo, S., Bergstrom, G., Sorrells, M., McMullen, M., Paul, P., Hunger, R., Mundt, C., Isard, S., Stein, J., Baker, H., Bulluck, R., Divan, C., Engle, J., Hebbar, P., Bowden, B., Carson, M., Chen, X., Jin, Y., Marshall, D., Smith, K., and Szabo, L.  2010.  Recovery plan for stem rust of wheat caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Ug99.  National Plant Disease Recovery System, a cooperative project of The American Phytopathological Society and The United States Department of Agriculture, posted athttp://www.ars.usda.gov/research/npdrs

Li, H. J., R. L. Conner, and T. D. Murray. 2008. Resistance to soil-borne diseases of wheat: Contributions from the wheatgrasses Thinopyrum intermedium and Th. ponticum. Can. J. Plant Sci. 88:195-205. Murray_Li_CJPS_08_Thinopyrum.pdf.

Jones, S. S., T. D. Murray, and R. E. Allan. 1995. Use of alien genes for the development of disease resistance in wheat. Ann. Rev. Phytopath. 33:429-443.

Abstracts

Wetzel III, H.C. and T.D. Murray. 2011. Evaluation of fungicides to control eyespot in winter wheat, 2010. Plant Disease Management Reports, 5:CF015. Wetzel_PDMR_11_CF015 eyespot var

Wetzel III, H.C. and T.D. Murray. 2011. Reaction of winter wheat cultivars and breeding lines to eyespot, 2010. Plant Disease Management Reports, 5:CF014. Wetzel_PDMR_11_CF014 eyespot fung

Wetzel III, H.C., J.C. Evans, K. Esvelt-Klos and T.D. Murray. 2010. Reaction of winter wheat cultivars and breeding lines to Cephalosporium stripe, 2009. Plant Disease Management Reports 4:CF027. Wetzel_PDMR_10_CF027 Cephalosporium

Wetzel III, H.C., J.C. Evans, and T.D. Murray. 2010. Reaction of winter wheat cultivars and breeding lines to eyespot, 2009. Plant Disease Management Reports 4:CF028. Wetzel_PDMR_10_CF028 Eyespot

Wetzel III, H.C. and T.D. Murray. 2010. Evaluation of fungicides to control eyespot in winter wheat, 2009. Plant Disease Management Reports 4:CF041. Wetzel_PDMR_10_CF041 Fungicides

Wetzel III, H.C., K. Esvelt Klos, and T.D. Murray. 2009. Reaction of winter wheat cultivars and breeding lines to Cephalosporium stripe, 2008. Plant Disease Management Reports 3:CF042.

Wetzel III, H.C., K. Esvelt Klos, and T.D. Murray. 2009. Reaction of winter wheat cultivars and breeding lines to eyespot, 2008. Plant Disease Management Reports 3:CF041.

Sheng, H. and T.D. Murray.2009. Identifying Resistance Genes for Eyespot of Wheat in Aegilops longissima. Phytopathology (abstr.)(IN PRESS).

Murray, T.D. 2009. Winter Climate Change and interaction with Diseases of Wheat in the Pacific Northwest U.S.  Program and Abstracts, Northwest Scientific Association Annual Meeting, pages 47-48 (abstr.).

Li, Hongjie, Xiaoming Wang, Zhendong Zhu, R. L. Conner, and T. D. Murray. 2008. Resistance to wheat diseases derived from the wheatgrasses, Thinopyrum intermedium and Th. Ponticum. Chromosome Science 11 (suppl.):67.Nishio, Z., N.

Iriki, T. Tabiki, M. Ito, M. Tanio, and T.D. Murray. 2007. Mapping of a quantitative trait locus associated with resistance to speckled snow mold in winter wheat. Phytopathology 97:S84. abstr.

Harrison, L.A., and T.D. Murray. 2007. Resistance to Wheat streak mosaic virus in perennial wheat. Phytopathology 97:S168. abstr.

Murray, T.D., W.J. Johnston, H. Sheng. 2006. Variation in sensitivity to pentachloronitrobenzene of Typhula spp. causing snow mold on turfgrass and wheat. Phytopathology 96:S82. abstr.

Nishio, Z., N. Iriki, M. Kuroki, K. Saito, M. Ito, T. Tabiki, and T.D. Murray. 2006. Decreased pathogen colonization and increased fructan accumulation is associated with resistance to speckled snow mold in winter wheat. Phytopathology 96:S84. abstr.

Nishio, Z., N. Iriki, S. Takenaka, A. Kawakami, M. Kuroki, K. Saito, M. Ito, T. Tabiki and T.D. Murray. 2005. A real-time PCR assay for quantification of Typhula ishikariensis, cause of speckled snow mold in winter wheat. Phytopathology 95:S75. abstr.

Li, H.J., M. Arterburn, S.S. Jones, T.D. Murray. 2005. Genomic control of new sources of resistance to Tapesia yallundae, cause of eyespot disease of wheat, in Thinopyrum ponticum and Th. intermedium. International Symposium on Genomics-based Plant Germplasm Research, April 25-28, 2005, Beijing, P.R. China. p. 77.

Books

Bockus, W.W., R.L. Bowden, R.M. Hunger, T.D. Murray, R.W. Smiley, and W. Morrill, eds. 2010. Compendium of Wheat Diseases and Insects, Third Edition. APS Press, Minneapolis.

Maloy, O. C. and T. D. Murray, eds. 2000. Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology, John Wiley & Sons, New York 1346 pp.

Murray, T. D., D. W. Parry, and N. D. Cattlin. 1998. A Colour Handbook of Diseases of Small Grain Cereal Crops. Manson Publishing, London.

Book Chapters

Murray, T.D. and D. Gaudet. 2013.  Global Change in Winter Climate and Agricultural Sustainability.  Plant and Microbe Adaption to Cold, Pages 1-16 in: Plant and Microbe Adaptations to Cold in a Changing World, R. Imai, M. Yoshida and N. Matsumoto, eds. Springer, New York.

Murray, T.D. 2010. Diseases caused by fungi and fungal-like organisms.  Pages 15-16 in: Compendium of Wheat Diseases and Insects, W.W. Bockus, R.L. Bowden, R.M. Hunger, T.D. Murray, R.W. Smiley, and W. Morrill, eds., Third Edition. APS Press, Minneapolis.

Murray, T.D. 2010. Eyespot (Strawbreaker foot rot).  Pages 32-34 in: Compendium of Wheat Diseases and Insects, W.W. Bockus, R.L. Bowden, R.M. Hunger, T.D. Murray, R.W. Smiley, and W. Morrill, eds., Third Edition. APS Press, Minneapolis.

Murray, T.D. 2010. Snow Rot.  Pages 72-73 in: Compendium of Wheat Diseases and Insects, W.W. Bockus, R.L. Bowden, R.M. Hunger, T.D. Murray, R.W. Smiley, and W. Morrill, eds., Third Edition. APS Press, Minneapolis.

Murray, T.D. 2010. Speckled Snow Mold (Typhula Blight).  Pages 73-74 in: Compendium of Wheat Diseases and Insects, W.W. Bockus, R.L. Bowden, R.M. Hunger, T.D. Murray, R.W. Smiley, and W. Morrill, eds., Third Edition. APS Press, Minneapolis.

Lucas, J. A., P. Dyer, and T. D. Murray. 2001. Pathogenicity, host-specificity, and population biology of Tapesia spp, causal agents of eyespot disease of cereals. in: Advances in Botanical Research, J.A. Callow ed., 33:225-258.

Iriki, N., T. D. Murray, S. S. Jones, Y. Amano, D. F. Salmon, S. Shibata, I. A. Kosareva, and A. Kawakami. 2001. Breeding cereals for winter survival. Chapter 12 in: Low Temperature Plant-Microbe Interactions under Snow. N. Iriki, D. A. Gaudet, A.M. Tronsmo, N. Matsumoto, M. Yoshida, and A. Nishimune, eds. Hokkaido National Agricultural Experiment Station, Sapporo. Pages 143-155. Murray Iriki_LowTempPltMicInteract_2000_chap12

Gossen, B., T. Hsiang, and T. D. Murray. 2001. Managing snow mold diseases of winter cereals and turf. Chapter 15 in: Low Temperature Plant-Microbe Interactions under Snow. N. Iriki, D. A. Gaudet, A.M. Tronsmo, N. Matsumoto, M. Yoshida, and A. Nishimune, eds. Hokkaido National Agricultural Experiment Station, Sapporo. Pages 181-192. Murray Gossen_LowTempPltMicInteract_2000_chap15

Wiese, M. V., T. D. Murray, and R. L. Forster. 2001. Common names for diseases of wheat (Triticum spp. L.). in: Common Names for Plant Diseases. APS Press, Minneapolis. Online: http://www.apsnet.org/online/common/names/wheat.asp.

Extension Bulletins

De Wolf, E., T. Murray, P. Paul, L. Osborne, and A. Tenuta. 2011. Identification and Management of Stem Rust on Wheat and Barley. USDA-CREES Extension IPM 2009-41533-05331. Stem Rust MStem Rust Man WAan WA.pdf

De Wolf, E., T. Murray, P. Paul, L. Osborne, A. Tenuta, and M. Stadtlander. 2010.  Identifying Rust Diseases of Wheat and Barley.  USDA-CREES Extension IPM 2009-41533-05331. Rust Diseases WA 2010

T.D. Murray. 2006. Strawbreaker Foot rot or Eyespot of Wheat. WSU Extension Bulletin. Murray_EB1378_2006_eyespot

Publication Archive

02_edited-1

Johnson Hall 311A/345 (office) & Vogel Plant Bioscience 230 (lab)
Tel.: (509)335-7515
Fax: (509)335-9581
E-mail: tim.murray@wsu.edu

 

Extension:

Member of the Small Grains Extension Team with responsibility for disseminating pathology research to eastern Washington producers.

Professional Activities

  • Treasurer, Western Soil Fungus Conference, 2008-present
  • National Plant Diagnostic Network, Annual Meeting Program Committee Chair, 2011
  • National Plant Disease Recovery System, Chair, Black Stem Rust Committee, 2008-2011
  • APS Ad hoc Committee on the Future Education of Plant Pathologists, 2006-2008
  • National Wheat Improvement Committee, 1998-2001
  • Western Education/ Extension and Research Activity (WERA)- 97, Small grain diseases

Editorial Activities

  • Associate Editor, The Crop Journal (China), October 2013-present
  • Senior Editor, Plant Disease, January 2013-present
  • Associate Editor, Journal of General Plant Pathology (Japan), 2012-present
  • Associate Editor, European Journal of Plant Pathology, 2009-2011
  • Editorial Committee member, Annual Review of Phytopathology, 2003-2008
  • Editor-in-Chief, Plant Health Progress, 2000-2004
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Production Agriculture, 1997-1999
  • Senior Editor, Plant Disease, 1991-1994
  • Associate Editor, Plant Disease, 1988‑1991
Department of Plant Pathology, PO Box 646430, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-6430, 509-335-9541, Contact Us
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